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Oedipus Rex, Greek Oidipous Tyrannos, play by Sophocles, performed sometime between 430 and 426 BCE, that marks the summit of classical Greek drama’s formal achievement, known for its tight construction, mounting tension, and perfect use of the dramatic devices of recognition and discovery. It examines the story of Oedipus, who, in attempting to flee from his fate, rushes headlong to meet it.
Persians, Greek Persai, one of a trilogy of unconnected tragedies presented in 472 BCE by Aeschylus. Persians is unique among surviving ancient Greek tragedies in that it dramatizes recent history rather than events from the distant age of mythical heroes. The play treats the decisive repulse of the Persians from Greece in 480, in particular their defeat at the Battle of Salamis. It is set in the Persian capital, where a messenger brings news to the Persian queen of the disaster at Salamis.