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The War on Drugs: History, Policy, and Therapeutics

Research Based, Potential Medicinal Uses of Other Cannabinoids

Chart: Pharmacologic Actions of Non-psychotropic Cannabinoids

Abbreviations: CBN, cannabinol; CBD, cannabidiol; D9-THCV, D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin; CBC, cannabichromene; CBG, cannabigerol; D9-THCA, D9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid; TRPV1, transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1; PPARg, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g; ROS, reactive oxygen species; 5-HT1A, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor subtype 1A; FAAH, fatty acid amide hydrolase. (+), direct or indirect activation; ↑, increase; ↓, decrease.
Source: Izzo AA, Borrelli F, Capasso R, et al. (2009). Non-psychotropic plant cannabinoids: New therapeutic opportunities from an ancient herb. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 30(10):515–27.

Earlenbaugh, E. (2021, October 18). Cannabinoids and their effects. The Cannigma. Retrieved from