Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
library banner

Citation Style Guides RCL

APA Citations and Reference List Rules

The American Psychological Association Style (APA)

This style is used to cite sources in the social sciences disciplines. In October 2019, the APA introduced the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009.

Click on this link above for a downloadable PDF guide.

This guide provides examples for the most common sources and general notes on reference lists. For a more detailed citation guide see https://apastyle.apa.org/ and Zotero for a free and easy-to-use citation management service.

 
Basic Rules of APA Reference Pages:
  • Start a new page for your references.
  • Title the new page "References."
  • Center the title text at the top of the page.
  • Put all entries in alphabetical order.
  • Align the first line of a reference flush with the left margin. (Click on link for a video tutorial on how to indent.)  
  • Indent each additional line (usually accomplished by using the TAB key).
  • Make sure the reference section is double-spaced.
  • Use italics for titles of books, journals, magazines, and newspapers.
  • Include all sources cited both in the text and on the reference page.
  • Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a book, article or Web page title, the first word after a color or dash in the title, and proper nouns. Capitalize all major words in journal titles.

 

Citation Examples: 

*NOTE: Exact examples offered in PDF format, with the ability to copy text.  

 

For more specific examples, please visit: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references

Examples